Anciently known as Mauƞa ʹĒʹo, it is located in the northeastern part of the island, near the southern coast. This volcano of great historical magnitude houses hundreds of Moai on its slope on the outside and inside of it.
July Hito & Tía Ema
This place has an invaluable archaeological value, the attraction offers more than three hundred monuments in 'El Camino del Moai', since there is the open quarry where its carving was carried out.
The toki, the main tool used for carving, allowed the giant sculptures to be separated from the bedrock of the volcano before finishing.
Anciently called Mauƞa ʹĒʹo, is located in the north-east part of the island. This volcano with 150 meters high is historically very important and it has an unmeasurable archaeological value.
This quarry is home for hundreds of Moai statues, on the inside and outside of its walls, some are erected and ready, some are halfway done, some felt and broke on their way to their platforms and some were left behind in the way. This is the scenery of masterpieces that lodged hundreds of artists and carvers which with their “Toki” (main tool used for carving) created perfectly and slowly the statues that would crown the Ahu.
The volcanic rock that this lava mountain left on its surroundings was the main material to build the Moai in the island. The sculptors would carve directly these figures in the wall, once the front was ready, they would carve the surroundings of the statue to detach it from the mother rock by leaving a thin quill that connects the back part of it to the rock. This quill was cut and then the whole figure was slide down the hill towards a hole in which they would finish the back. Once this whole process was done and the Moai was considered finished, then it was ready to start its transportation process.
Rano Raraku is a touristic attraction that counts with beautiful landscapes and hundreds of Moai from different artists and with different characteristics and heights. On the east side of the volcano, you can see the only Moai that has a complete human body and better-defined face expressions, its kneeling and in a ceremony posture, its name is Tukuturi.
Rapa Nui emerged between 3.000.000 and 200.000 years ago from the bottom of the ocean when submarine volcanic cones, product of the movement of the tectonic plates, formed mountains as high as 3.000 meters. Part of these volcanic cones is what we now know as Rapa Nui, with a triangle shape and an area of 166km. From the ancient volcanos of the island, Rano Raraku and Rana Kau are two of the most visited craters. Poike, which is the oldest volcano is located on the East corner while Terevaka, the highest peak with 507 meters over sea level, is located in the middle of the island.